Isicima mlilo sokuqala sasinelungelo lobunikazi ngusokhemisi u-Ambrose Godfrey ngo-1723. Kusukela lapho, izinhlobo eziningi zezicimi-mlilo ziye zasungulwa, zaguqulwa futhi zakhiwa.

Kepha into eyodwa ihlala ifana noma ngabe inkathi - izakhi ezine kumele zibe khona ku- umlilo ukuze ubekhona. Lezi zinto zifaka umoya-mpilo, ukushisa, uphethiloli nokusabela kwamakhemikhali. Uma ususa eyodwa yezinto ezine ku- "unxantathu womlilo, ”Umlilo ungabe usucisha.

Kodwa-ke, ukuze ucime umlilo ngempumelelo, kufanele usebenzise i- isicisha mlilo esifanele.

Ukuze ucime umlilo ngempumelelo, kufanele usebenzise isicisha mlilo esifanele. (Isithombe / uGreg Friese)

IZIHLOKO EZIHLOBENE

Kungani izinsimbi zomlilo, ama-ambulensi zidinga izicisha-mlilo eziphathwayo

Izifundo ekusetshenzisweni kokucima umlilo

Uzithenga kanjani izicisha-mlilo

Izinhlobo ezivame kakhulu zokucisha umlilo ezisetshenziswa ezinhlotsheni ezahlukene zokubasa umlilo yilezi:

  1. Isicima mlilo samanzi: Izicimi-mlilo zamanzi zivusa umlilo ngokususa isici sokushisa sikanxantathu womlilo. Zisetshenziselwa imililo yesigaba A kuphela.
  2. Isicima mlilo samakhemikhali esomile: Izicisha-mlilo ezomile ezomileyo zicisha umlilo ngokuphazamisa ukusabela kwamakhemikhali konxantathu womlilo. Zisebenza kahle kakhulu emlilweni weClass A, B no-C.
  3. Isicimi mlilo se-CO2: Izicisha-mlilo ze-Carbon dioxide zisusa isakhi somoya-mpilo sonxantathu bomlilo. Baphinde basuse ukushisa ngokukhipha okubandayo. Zingasetshenziswa emlilweni weClass B no-C.

Futhi ngenxa yokuthi yonke imililo ibaswa ngokungafani, kunezinhlobonhlobo zezicisha mlilo ezisuselwa ohlotsheni lomlilo. Ezinye izicisha-mlilo zingasetshenziswa ezigabeni zomlilo ezingaphezu kwesisodwa, kanti ezinye zixwayisa ngokusetshenziswa kwezicimi-mlilo ezithile.

Nakhu ukonakala kwezicimi mlilo ezihlukaniswe ngohlobo:

Izicimi-mlilo ezihlukaniswe ngohlobo: Lokho okusetshenziselwa izicishamlilo:
Isicisha mlilo sekilasi A Lezi zicimi-mlilo zisetshenziselwa imililo ebandakanya izinto ezivuthayo ezivamile, ezinjengokhuni, iphepha, indwangu, udoti kanye namapulasitiki.
Isicima mlilo esiku-Class B Lezi zicimi-mlilo zisetshenziselwa imililo ebandakanya uketshezi oluvuthayo, njengamafutha, uphethiloli kanye no-oyela.
Isicisha mlilo seClass C Lezi zicimi-mlilo zisetshenziselwa imililo ebandakanya izinto zikagesi, ezinjengezimoto, ama-transformer nezinto zikagesi.
Isicima mlilo esiku-Class D Lezi zicimi-mlilo zisetshenziselwa imililo ebandakanya izinsimbi ezivuthayo, njenge-potassium, i-sodium, i-aluminium ne-magnesium.
Isicisha mlilo sakwa-Class K Lezi zicimi-mlilo zisetshenziselwa imililo ehilela amafutha okupheka namafutha, njengamafutha ezilwane nemifino.

Kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuthi umlilo ngamunye udinga isicima mlilo esihlukile ngokuya ngezimo.

Futhi uma uzosebenzisa isicima mlilo, khumbula nje i-PASS: donsa iphini, khomba umbhobho noma ipayipi ezansi komlilo, khama izinga lokusebenza ukuze ukhiphe i-ejenti yokucisha bese ushanela umbhobho noma ipayipi ngapha nangapha kuze kucishe umlilo.


Isikhathi Iposi: Aug-27-2020